A good amount of video RAM is crucial for any visually intensive PC game or task. If your computer has been struggling in this department lately, you may think that upgrading your video card is the only solution.
While a new graphics card would certainly give your desktop computer a boost, it’s not always an option for laptops. Video cards can also be quite pricey, so getting the most out of what you currently have can save you some money for now. One solution that doesn’t require you to upgrade your hardware is to increase your PC’s dedicated video RAM. Read on to learn more about this solution and how to implement it yourself.
Increase Dedicated Video RAM
Video RAM (or VRAM) is RAM allocated to this medium. Unlike regular RAM, VRAM works in tandem with your GPU to store graphics data for the short term. VRAM isn’t the only factor that determines how smooth your experience is when editing videos, rendering 3D models, or running graphics-intensive games. However, these operations require a certain amount of VRAM. While you can’t physically change your VRAM without changing your GPU, you can instruct your PC to make sure it’s making the most of your capacity.
Increasing your VRAM isn’t guaranteed to improve your experience, but it can help you get around some hurdles. Try the following solutions on your Windows PC.
Increasing Dedicated Video RAM in Windows 11
Before embarking on your journey to increase your dedicated video RAM, it’s a good idea to check how much your Windows 11 PC is currently using. Follow these steps to find that information.
- Click on the Windows icon and go to your settings.
- Under the “System” tab, find “Advanced View” under “Related Settings”.
- Click on ‘Display adapter properties for display (number)’.
- You will see your dedicated video memory in the window that appears.
If you find this number insufficient, try adjusting it in your BIOS.
- Restart your computer and repeatedly press your dedicated BIOS button while your PC boots up.
- Locate the “Advanced Features” menu in your BIOS.
- Look for your graphics settings (the option may be called “Graphics Settings”, “VGA Share Memory Size”, “Video Settings” or something similar).
- Choose the amount of space you want to allocate to your VRAM.
- Save the changes, restart your PC and check if your VRAM has been increased using the instructions above.
Another way to customize your dedicated video RAM is through your Registry Editor. While this won’t technically increase your VRAM, it will make programs believe they have more power to work with.
- Click on your Windows icon, type ‘regedit’ in the search bar and open the Registry Editor.
- Navigate to the following location: “HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESoftwareIntel.”
- Right click on “Intel” in the sidebar and select “Key” under “New”.
- Name your new key “GMM” and open it.
- Right-click in the right pane and select “Dword (32-bit) Value” under “New”.
- Name it “DedicatedSegmentSize” and double click on it.
- Select “Hexadecimal” on the right and enter the desired amount of VRAM in megabytes.
- Save the changes and restart your computer.
Increase Dedicated Video RAM in Windows 10
The steps to increase your VRAM on Windows 10 are very similar. First, check your current VRAM in the following way.
- Type “Display Settings” into your Windows 10 search bar and select the best result.
- Find “Advanced Display Settings” at the very bottom.
- Click “Display Adapter Properties (Number)” under “Display Information”.
- Look at the number next to “Dedicated Video Memory” to find out your current amount of VRAM.
There are two ways to increase this number without any hardware upgrade. The first uses your BIOS:
- Restart your computer and repeatedly press your BIOS key while the system boots.
- Find a menu called “Video Settings,” “Graphics Settings,” or “VGA Share Memory Size” under “Advanced.”
- Increase the pre-allocated VRAM.
- Save the changes and restart your PC.
Editing your BIOS is not an option for everyone. Fortunately, you can also customize your VRAM using the Windows 10 Registry Editor. While this won’t change your PC’s performance, it will trick programs that refuse to run because of your currently low VRAM.
- Press your Windows and “R” keys at the same time to open the Run dialog box.
- Type “regedit” and click “OK”.
- Navigate to “HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESoftwareIntel”.
- Right click on “Intel” in the left pane and select “Key” under “New”.
- Name the new key “GMM”.
- Select “GMM” and right click in the panel on the right.
- Click on ‘Dword (32-bit) Value’ under ‘New’ and type ‘DedicatedSegmentSize’.
- Open ‘DedicatedSegmentSize’, select ‘Decimal’ and type a value between 0 and 512.
- Click “OK” and restart your PC to see the changes made.
Increasing Dedicated Video RAM in Windows 7
Before changing the amount of allocated VRAM on your Windows 7, check your current VRAM in your display settings.
- Right click on your desktop and select ‘Screen resolution’.
- Find ‘Advanced Settings’.
- The currently allocated VRAM is displayed next to “Dedicated Video Memory”.
To increase this number and run software that requires a higher minimum to boot, open your Registry Editor.
- Click on the Windows icon.
- Enter “regedit” in the search bar and open the first result.
- In the new window, click ‘Edit’ and then ‘Search’.
- Type “INCREASEFIXEDSEGMENT” and click “Find Next”.
- Double click on the “IncreaseFixedSegment” file.
- Type “1” under “Value data” and press “OK”.
- Restart your PC and check your VRAM in your display settings to see if your attempt was successful.
Put on your HD glasses
Insufficient video RAM can easily lead to slowdowns and freezes, which are not only annoying but can also seriously hinder your work. If buying a new video card isn’t an option, you can try increasing your PC’s dedicated video RAM using the instructions above.
Have you noticed an improvement in the way your PC handles images after increasing your VRAM? Do you have any tips for those still trying to tweak their settings? Let us know in the comments below.